Difference between revisions of "Ridesharing protocol"

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{{draft protocol}}
 
{{draft protocol}}
 
{{covid}}
 
{{covid}}
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This is a protocol for situations when you need to share a car during the COVID-19 pandemic with someone who is not a member of your household.
  
 
== When should you be ridesharing? ==
 
== When should you be ridesharing? ==
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* For drivers - when your windows are open, '''maintain as much distance as possible from cyclists and pedestrians''', 2m at absolute minimum
 
* For drivers - when your windows are open, '''maintain as much distance as possible from cyclists and pedestrians''', 2m at absolute minimum
 
* Considering '''playing music or a podcast''' as a form of entertainment, in lieu of prolonged conversation!
 
* Considering '''playing music or a podcast''' as a form of entertainment, in lieu of prolonged conversation!
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=== Rest breaks and food ===
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* '''Limit time spent at petrol stations and motor services''', if you cannot avoid these.
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* '''Use hand sanitiser''' after any essential stops where you cannot wash your hands.
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* If you need to '''eat''' something, try to do so during a '''rest break outside the car''', or with the car doors open. 
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* If you do have to '''eat while inside the car''', make sure that you are '''facing an open window'''.
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* '''Remove face coverings fully to eat or drink''', rather than pushing them up or down. (See instructions below)
 +
* Immediately '''store all used food and drink packaging''', tissues, wet-wipes, etc in a '''disposable bag'''
 +
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=== Face coverings ===
 +
* If you must '''remove your face covering''' to eat, or for any other reason:
 +
** Use hand sanitiser before and after you remove your face covering, or wash your hands if you are at a rest stop.
 +
** Handle used face coverings by the ties/earloops only. Do not touch the face area.
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** If possible, store the used face covering in a bag and put on a fresh one after eating.
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** If you will need to put the same face covering back on, place it on a disposable paper towel or tissue, outer side facing down.{{cite|Nebraska Medicine, 'Universal Masking Guidelines'; Accessed: 2020-05-24|external|https://www.nebraskamed.com/sites/default/files/documents/covid-19/universal-masking-guidelines-step-by-step.pdf?date=05062020}}
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** Make sure you put it back on with the same side facing outwards.
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** Sanitise/wash your hands before and after you replace your face covering,
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* '''Change your face covering every 2 hours''', or more frequently if the fabric has become damp with moisture from your mouth.{{cite|Kelkar et al, 'How effective are face masks in operating theatre?'; Accessed: 2020-05-24|external|https://www.ijic.info/article/view/10788/7862}}

Revision as of 09:02, 28 May 2020

This protocol is a draft. It has not yet been accepted as protocol and may be incorrect or poorly cited. Please do not use this in your work until it has been accepted.

Please see #protocols on Slack to discuss this protocol further.

This page is specific to the COVID-19 pandemic. Our covid protocol still focuses on somewhat older science relating to droplet transmission. We are currently reviewing this. It will be updated rapidly.

This is a protocol for situations when you need to share a car during the COVID-19 pandemic with someone who is not a member of your household.

When should you be ridesharing?

  • You should only consider ridesharing if there is no other way to achieve an essential task such as...
    • Providing care for someone
    • Going to work
    • Attending an essential appointment
    • Leaving an unsafe situation (eg domestic violence)
  • This list is non-exhaustive and there may be circumstances not on this list where you will need to ride share
  • You should not rideshare if you have symptoms of COVID-19.
  • However, when assessing the risks you should be mindful that the disease may still be transmitted by people who have no symptoms


Before your journey

Planning

  • Consider if there is any safer alternative way to carry out your task
  • Consider whether or not anyone else needs to come, in order to limit the number of passengers
  • Discuss risks and hygiene procedures with your household to check how comfortable everyone is with the potential journey
  • Discuss risks with the people you will be ridesharing with and check that you are all comfortable with each other’s understanding of hygiene procedures
  • Plan routes to be as quick as possible, while considering rest breaks for access reasons
  • Prepare journey to minimise the need to fill up petrol - consider a separate trip to petrol station before your ridesharing journey.

Cleaning

  • Clean frequently-handled areas of the vehicle with bleach solution, warm soapy water, or anti-microbial disinfectant, e.g.:
    • Outside/inside door/boot/trunk handles
    • Steering wheel
    • Gear stick and handbrake
    • Digital/radio controls
    • Seatbelts and seat belt fastenings
    • Window controls
  • If using bleach solution,
    • Mix 1 part bleach to 50 parts water
    • Prepare this no more than 24 hours before you use it, as the active ingredient degrades rapidly.
    • Wear gloves to protect your skin when applying
    • Air the vehicle well during and after cleaning
    • Do not apply to seats, as it may damage the fabric/leather
  • Remove rubbish such as empty drinking bottles from the car

What to take

  • Take hand sanitizer if you have any
  • Prepare face coverings:
    • use surgical masks if widely available, otherwise use tightly-woven cotton fabric
    • bring a change of mask/face covering if you have one, especially if your journey will last more than 2 hours.
  • If you may need to eat or drink on the journey, take paper towels to lay your mask on
  • Take disposable bags to store used masks and other potentially-contaminated items

During your journey

  • Put on face coverings and wash hands before entering the vehicle
  • Seat yourselves as far away from each other as possible
  • Open all windows as widely as possible. In bad weather, leave them open as far as you can, and open them fully at regular intervals.
  • Keep your faces directed towards the open windows as much as possible, especially if you feel you are going to cough or sneeze.
  • Talk only when necessary during the journey - talking will increase the number of infectious particles you may emit. [1] [2]
  • Do not use air-conditioning or heating systems which recirculate air from inside the car: this may spread infectious droplets throughout the vehicle [3]
  • For drivers - when your windows are open, maintain as much distance as possible from cyclists and pedestrians, 2m at absolute minimum
  • Considering playing music or a podcast as a form of entertainment, in lieu of prolonged conversation!

Rest breaks and food

  • Limit time spent at petrol stations and motor services, if you cannot avoid these.
  • Use hand sanitiser after any essential stops where you cannot wash your hands.
  • If you need to eat something, try to do so during a rest break outside the car, or with the car doors open.
  • If you do have to eat while inside the car, make sure that you are facing an open window.
  • Remove face coverings fully to eat or drink, rather than pushing them up or down. (See instructions below)
  • Immediately store all used food and drink packaging, tissues, wet-wipes, etc in a disposable bag

Face coverings

  • If you must remove your face covering to eat, or for any other reason:
    • Use hand sanitiser before and after you remove your face covering, or wash your hands if you are at a rest stop.
    • Handle used face coverings by the ties/earloops only. Do not touch the face area.
    • If possible, store the used face covering in a bag and put on a fresh one after eating.
    • If you will need to put the same face covering back on, place it on a disposable paper towel or tissue, outer side facing down.[4]
    • Make sure you put it back on with the same side facing outwards.
    • Sanitise/wash your hands before and after you replace your face covering,
  • Change your face covering every 2 hours, or more frequently if the fabric has become damp with moisture from your mouth.[5]
  1. Asadi et al The coronavirus pandemic and aerosols: Does COVID-19 transmit via expiratory particles?; Accessed: 2020-05-24
  2. Stadnytskyi et al The airborne lifetime of small speech droplets and their potential importance in SARS-CoV-2 transmission; Accessed: 2020-05-24
  3. Shen et al Airborne transmission of COVID-19: epidemiologic evidence from two outbreak investigations; Accessed: 2020-05-25
  4. [{{{3}}} Nebraska Medicine, 'Universal Masking Guidelines'; Accessed: 2020-05-24]
  5. Kelkar et al, 'How effective are face masks in operating theatre?'; Accessed: 2020-05-24